Gardening of the Sandomierz Land

Józef Myjak, the best-known contemporary regionalist in the study entitled „Gardening of the Sandomierz Land” writes:
„Historians describing the city of Sandomierz in the 17th century convince us that Sandomierz is actually a city bathed in gardens. Feliks Kiryk states in the „Sandomierz Monograph” that from the preserved city books, as well as other source materials concerning trade in arable lands and gardens, it is known that almost every burgher of Sandomierz cultivated the role and gardens, had orchards and vineyards and hop-garden plants, from the breeding of domestic animals and birds. … ..In the 19th century, even at every Sandomierz court, even the most modest one was the garden in today’s sense. Usually the mansion, known as the rooms, was surrounded by a flower garden, then trees and decorative bushes, followed by a saddle and a vegetable garden. Often, an uncovered veranda was added to the manor house, which over time became glazed and a small orangery was built in which not only exotic plants grew, but also vegetables were grown. (…)

Then came the „Little Ice Age”, which means that there was a significant cooling of the climate, which lasted until the mid-nineteenth century. In the meantime, Poland lost its independence for 123 years, it was divided between three powers. In each of the partitions, there was a different legal system, different rules of education and various economic regulations (various degrees of economic freedom). As a result, the fall of gardening took place.  Sandomierz and the surrounding towns are in decline. Poor people are creeping into the lives of the people who live here.”

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